Our People

Meet the dedicated team behind INQ.



Ira Parghi

Untitled design (40)_edited.jpg


T: 416 967 7100 ext. 1-245

  • LinkedIn


Privacy & Cybersecurity Compliance, Breach Prevention, & Breach Coaching

Advocacy & Litigation

Digital Health

Clinical Practice

Risk Management

Health Research

Data Governance

Freedom of Information


Harvard University, Master in Public Policy, 1999

University of Toronto, Bachelor of Laws, 1997

Stanford University, Bachelor of Arts in Public Policy (with Distinction), 1994

Ira Parghi is a partner at INQ Law. She has over 20 years of experience practicing both information and health law and is admitted to practice in Ontario, California, and New York.


Ira has an extensive cross-border information law practice that spans the private, public, and non-profit sectors in Canada and the United States. She counsels clients on privacy and cybersecurity breach prevention, and acts as a breach coach when potential breaches arise. She advises on the development and adoption of digital health and AI-driven technologies, the use and sharing of data in clinical research, the creation of data repositories, data-related due diligence on corporate transactions, data governance, and access to information. Ira counsels foreign companies who operate in Canada on their Canadian privacy compliance obligations. She also advises Canadian companies who have U.S. partners on their obligations under U.S. privacy law. Her clients include medical technology companies, start-ups, retail pharmacies, private equity firms, hospitals, health care providers and organizations, research institutes, think tanks, schools, colleges, universities, and non-profits. Ira is an expert in a wide range of privacy laws, including PIPEDA, PHIPA, FIPPA, and U.S. legislation such as HIPAA. She has successfully represented numerous clients before federal and provincial/state regulators in Canada and the U.S.


Ira’s health law practice focuses on clinical practice and medical research. She advises hospitals, health care organizations, and professionals on matters involving clinical risk management, consent and capacity, professional discipline, clinical research (including cross-border trials), medical negligence, and adverse events (including large-scale lookback reviews and patient notifications). Ira is a trusted advisor to senior leadership in hospitals and health care organizations, counselling on issues management, board and internal stakeholder engagement, media relations, legal compliance, regulatory reporting, and patient and client relations. She also advocates and litigates on behalf of clients before regulators, administrative tribunals, and the courts, including the Ontario Court of Appeal.


She welcomes the opportunity to be retained by other lawyers to serve as co-counsel on complex health law and information law matters.


Ira regularly speaks, teaches, and writes on emerging privacy and security issues, digital health, cross-border privacy, and cyber breach prevention and management. 


Prior to joining INQ Law, Ira worked as the Corporate Privacy Officer at an extensive U.S. health network, a lawyer in the health care group of a global law firm based in the U.S., and a lawyer in the health law group of a large Canadian law firm.


​Representative Experience:


  • Advised start-ups and health care providers on developing and adopting digital health and AI-driven health care technologies such as operating room “black boxes” and machine learning-based clinical support tools.

  • Counselled hospitals, universities, and think tanks on creating and using large data repositories for clinical research and quality improvement.

  • Advised hospitals, community-based health care and social service providers, and school boards on the shift to virtual service provision in the context of COVID-19.

  • Counselled a U.S.-based MedTech company with Canadian customers on its privacy obligations under Canadian law. 

  • Advised a U.S.-based private equity firm on privacy-related due diligence in the context of a proposed investment in a Canadian company.

  • Counselled hospitals, health care organizations, colleges and schools on access to information requests, privacy policies, privacy notices and consent forms, and day-to-day issues involving handling and sharing personal information. 

  • Advised hospitals, municipalities, and schools on handling cybersecurity incidents, including the cyber forensic investigation, communications with internal and external stakeholders, and notification to the regulator and potentially affected individuals.

Recent Insights & Recognition:

  • Recognized in the 2021 and 2022 editions of The Best Lawyers in Canada (Health Care Law and Medical Negligence)·

  • Moderator, “Machine M.D.: Law and Ethics Case Studies in Health-Related A.I.” (University of Ottawa, March 2022)

  • Speaker, “Privacy vs. Innovation: Time for a Paradigm Shift?” (Canadian Bar Association Health and Privacy chapters, September 2021)

  • Speaker, “Recognizing and Mitigating Threats to Law Firm Data Security” (Ontario Bar Association, August 2021)

  • Co-author, Managing the privacy risks of virtual health care (Electronic Healthcare Law Review, May 2021)

  • Co-author, Information privacy and security in a virtual learning world (Canadian Association for the Practical Study of Law in Education, December 2020)

  • Speaker, “Doing Business in Canada: I.P. and Privacy Trends” (Association of Corporate Counsel NCR Privacy, October 2020)

  • Speaker, “Are Privacy Laws Keeping up with Shifts in Health Care Delivery? Artificial Intelligence in Health Care” (Medico-Legal Society of Toronto Annual PotPourri, September 2020)

  • Featured in the American Bar Association Litigation & Trial Practice Newsletter (Spring 2020)


Professional and Community Involvement:

  • Digital Health Canada (member)

  • Medico-Legal Society of Toronto (member)

  • International Association of Privacy Professionals (member)

  • Advocates Society (member)

  • Canadian Bar Association (member)

  • Chair, University of Toronto Tribunal