Our People

Meet the dedicated team behind INQ.



Ira Parghi

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T: 416 967 7100 ext. 1-245

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Privacy & FOI

Cyber Preparedness 

Incident Response

Data Governance

Clinical Practice

Risk Management

Health Research


Harvard University, Master in Public Policy, 1999

University of Toronto, Bachelor of Laws, 1997

Stanford University, Bachelor of Arts in Public Policy (with Distinction), 1994

Ira Parghi is a partner at INQ Law. She has over 20 years of experience practicing both information law and health law and is admitted to practice in Ontario, California, and New York.


Ira’s information law practice focuses on privacy compliance (including complex United States-Canada cross-border privacy issues), the prevention and management of privacy breaches (including ransomware and other cybersecurity incidents), the use and sharing of data in clinical research, and data governance.  She advises clients on matters ranging from breach prevention and incident response to complex data-sharing agreements, the adoption of “smart” technologies, access to information requests, research contracts, data-related due diligence on corporate transactions, and the Canadian privacy compliance obligations of foreign companies operating in Canada. Her clients include medical technology companies, pharmaceuticals, retail pharmacies, private equity firms, hospitals, health care providers and organizations, research institutes, independent schools, school boards, colleges, retirement homes, non-profits, and municipalities. Ira is expert in a wide range of privacy laws, including PIPEDA, PHIPA, MFIPPA, FIPPA, and US legislation such as HIPAA.  She has successfully represented numerous clients before federal and provincial/state regulators in both Canada and the United States.


Ira’s health law practice focuses on clinical risk issues and adverse incident management, including large-scale lookback reviews and patient notifications. Ira frequently serves as a trusted advisor to senior administrative and clinical leadership in hospitals and health care organizations, advising on issues management, board and internal stakeholder engagement, media relations, legal compliance, regulatory reporting, and patient and client relations. She also has extensive litigation experience and has argued various matters before tribunals and the courts, including the Ontario Court of Appeal. 


Ira regularly speaks, teaches, and writes on emerging privacy and security issues, cross-border privacy, and cybersecurity incident prevention and management. 


Prior to joining INQ Law, Ira worked as the Corporate Privacy Officer at a large US health network, a lawyer in the health care group of a global law firm based in the United States, and a lawyer in the health law group of a large Canadian law firm.

Recent Experience


  • Advised hospitals, community-based health care and social service providers, and school boards on the shift to virtual service provision in the context of COVID-19.

  • Counseled a U.S.-based medtech company with Canadian customers on its privacy obligations under applicable Canadian laws. 

  • Advised a U.S.-based private equity firm on privacy-related due diligence in the context of a proposed investment in a Canadian company.

  • Counseled hospitals, health care organizations, colleges and schools on access to information requests, privacy policies, privacy notices and consent forms, and day-to-day issues involving handling and sharing personal information. 

  • Advised a municipality on the handling of a cybersecurity incident, including the cyber forensic investigation, communications with internal and external stakeholders, and notification to the regulator and potentially affected individuals.

  • Counseled hospitals and research institutes on privacy and data-handling issues arising in the context of clinical research. 



Recent Insights & Recognition:

  • Recognized in the 2021 and 2022 editions of The Best Lawyers in Canada (Health Care Law and Medical Negligence)

  • Speaker, “Privacy vs. Innovation: Time for a Paradigm Shift?” (Canadian Bar Association Health and Privacy chapters, September 2021)

  • Speaker, “Recognizing and Mitigating Threats to Law Firm Data Security” (Ontario Bar Association, August 2021)

  • Co-author, Managing the privacy risks of virtual health care (Electronic Healthcare Law Review, May 2021)

  • Co-author, Information privacy and security in a virtual learning world (Canadian Association for the Practical Study of Law in Education, December 2020)

  • Speaker, “Doing Business in Canada: IP and Privacy Trends” (Association of Corporate Counsel NCR Privacy, October 2020)

  • Speaker, “Are Privacy Laws Keeping up with Shifts in Health Care Delivery? Artificial Intelligence in Health Care” (Medico-Legal Society of Toronto Annual PotPourri, September 2020)

  • Featured in the American Bar Association Litigation & Trial Practice Newsletter (Spring 2020)

  • Speaker, Fireside Chat, Life Sciences Ontario Annual Life Sciences Policy Forum (December 2019)



Professional and Community Involvement:

  • Chair, University of Toronto Tribunal

  • Canadian Bar Association (member)